How to Replace a Toilet - Page 2

  • Step 5 : Align the toilet on the bolts

    Line up the closet bolts over the holes in the toilet base and carefully set the toilet bowl on the flange hole. You might need help from someone who can spot the holes for the bolts while you're lowering the toilet on top of them. Then press the toilet base down on the wax ring and remove excess putty with a putty knife.

  • Step 6 : Add the trim caps

    Place the washers and nuts on the closet bolts, and tighten the nuts with an adjustable wrench. Be careful not to overtighten the bolts or you'll crack the base -- and end up with a swell porcelain planter for the garden. Check that it's straight by placing a carpenter's level across the toilet. Use the trim caps to cover the bolts.

  • Step 7 : Install the water tank

    To install the tank, first turn it upside down and attach the rubber seal, also called the spud washer, to the pipe that protrudes from the bottom of the tank. Then turn the tank right side up and center the spud washer over the water intake opening located near the back edge of the toilet bowl.

  • Step 8 : Install the water tank

    Install the water tank

    Carefully align the tank bolts and rubber washers with the holes in the tank and insert the tank mounting bolts through the holes in the toilet bowl. Thread on the washers and nuts from the underside of the toilet bowl. First tighten by hand and then use a wrench until the tank is tight on the bowl. Again, be careful or you'll add to your porcelain collection. Lower the tank onto the toilet bowl, and then install the washers and nuts from the underside of the bowl. Install the riser tube between the stop valve on the wall and the fill valve at the bottom of the tank.

  • Step 9 : Install the fill and flush mechanism

    Since the fill and flush mechanisms vary according to the manufacturer, follow the instructions included with the toilet.

  • Step 10 : Fill the tank

    Turn on the water at the stop valve to fill the tank and check for leaks at the stop valve and fill valve. Yes, puddles rapidly spreading across the floor is indeed a cause for concern. Be on the lookout as it fills and begins to slow and stop at the fill line marked inside the tank. Follow the manufacturer's direction to adjust the water level. Some valves have a float with an arm that can be bent for adjustment; others have adjusting set screws.

  • Step 11 : Adjust the water level

    Adjust water level

    Flush the toilet a few times watching how the flush lever opens the flapper valve. It should open and stay open until most of the water drains out of the tank. Then it should close. You may have to adjust the chain leading from the flush lever to the flapper valve to get this valve to stay open and close completely when the tank is drained of water. If the tank does not fill completely, you may have to adjust the position of the tankball rod.

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