By Gene and Katie Hamilton
Before You Begin
These are general directions for seeding a lawn. You'll get the best advice for lawn care from a local nursery or lawn care center. Online look for information about your local county Master Gardeners program or go to the American Horticultural Society at www.ahs.org.
The hardest work of seeding a lawn has nothing to do with seed, it's preparing the soil so it's loose and free of roots, weeds and rocks and level with a smooth surface. Have the soil tested to see if topsoil or amendments are needed for enrichment. If the soil is rock hard you may have to rent a rotary tiller to break up compacted soil to loosen it before seeding.
Step 1 : Spread a soil amendment
Spread any amendments to the soil suggested by the results of the soil test with a broadcast spreader. It may be a starter starter fertilizer or soil conditioner. Follow the suggestions for applying the amendment to work it into the soil.
Step 2 : Level the soil
Use a rake to level out the soil.
Step 3 : Spread the seed
Use a broadcast spreader or seed spreader to apply grass seed following the directions of the seed company. For more information go to the Web site of the seed company. You'll find they recommend how much seed to spread over an area on their directions.
Step 4 : Gently rake the seeds
Carefully rake the soil to cover the seeds with a fine layer of soil.
Step 5 : Water
Lightly water the soil with a fine even spray of water with the sprinkler. Follow the watering directions from the seed company about how much and how often to water.